Meteor shower is a phenomenon occurred when a cosmic debris called meteoroids enter the earth’s atmosphere. When they enter the earth’s atmosphere they travel in high speeds and the friction between the meteoroid and the atmosphere causes it to burn eventually. These burning meteoroids looks like a shiny object falling from the sky hence called a falling star. A meteor shower could occur due to a comet which is traveling near the sun.
In this 2022 we could see meteor showers all around the year. And here is a list of meteor showers throughout the year 2022 and their dates.
15th April to 29th April
The Lyrids meteor shower takes place on the 15th April to 29th April this year and It peaks on 21st to 22nd. The visibility is higher to the northern hemisphere but in southern hemisphere it can be seen too but unfortunately the visibility rate is lower. The moon will be 67% so there will be less visibility due to the moonlight.
15th April to 27th May
The Eta Aquariids meteor shower is on during 15th April to 27th May and will be peak on 4th May. This time it has a much higher visibility from the southern tropics. It is predicted that you will be able to watch about 10-30 meteors per hour.
18th July to 21st August
The Delta Aquariids meteor shower will be active from 18th July to 21st August and will be at peak on 29th July to 30th July. The meteor shower will have best visibility to the southern tropics but have lesser visibility to much further south.
7th July to 15th August
The Alpha Capricornids meteor shower takes place from the 7th July 2022 to 15th August 2022. It is predicted that about 5 meteors will be able to see while it is happening. But it can be seen from either side of the equator. So if you are little bit patience you will be able to spot one or two falling stars.
14th July to 1st September
The Perseids meteor shower will be happening between 14th July and 1st September and will be at peak 11th August. About 50-75 meteors can be spotted within an hour.
26th September to 22nd November
Orionids meteor shower will be taking place 26th September to 22nd November 2022. The shower will be at peak on the 21st October. You will be able to see 10-20 meteors within an hour.
28th September to 2nd December
The southern Tourids meteor shower will be happening during the 28th September to 2nd December. The shower will be at peak during 4th November and it is predicted that about 4-5 meteors will be visible within an hour.
13th October 2nd December
The next one is the northern Tourids meteor shower which will be active from 13th October to 2nd December. Though it is much like the southern Tourids there are records of significant increase on the count of meteors during 2008 and 2015 which is roughly a cycle of 7 years so the observers predict that 2022 shower would have more meteors that the previous years.
3rd November to 2nd December
The Leonids meteor shower will be active within 3rd November to 2nd December. The Leonids meteor shower is famous for its significant shows in the past. I must say that it is one of the most famous showers among the star lovers around the globe. You can read more about it here. But unlike past few years, it is predicted that about 250-300 comets will be visible within an hour. Which is all we can ask for. The shower will peak 17th November.
19th November to 24th December
Geminids or the king of the meteor showers will be active from 19th November to 24th December and will peak 13th December this year. Fortunately this shower is not only visible to the northern hemisphere it can be seen from the southern hemisphere as well.
13th December to 24th December
The Ursids meteor shower will be active from 13th December to 24th December and will peak on the 21st December midnight. You will be able to see about 5-10 meteors per hour. Since it is active during the Geminids shower period and it has no activity as much as Geminids, Ursids meteor shower is mostly neglected. But for those who wish to see a falling star it does not matter which has the high intensity as long as it is magical.
I have only listed the most popular showers within the astronomical community. But there are many more according to wikipedia. You can read about them here