facts Food

How Wine is Made

Today I will be talking about the process of wine making for wine lovers and those who haven’t tasted wine until now.

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Wine is one of the most popular beverages in the world. It has alcohol percentage of 6-20% v/v. Wine is consumed during social gatherings and sometimes with the main meals of the day. The most common wine is which made out of grapes but apart from that wine can be made out of plums, currants and rice as well.

History of Wine

Wine has a long history. The earliest evidence of wine was found in China. It was calculated to be over 9000 years old (7000BC). Apart from that evidence of people using wine was found in Georgia, Persia, Italy, India and China.

Wine can be divided into four main groups according to its color. They are red wine, white wine, orange wine and rosé wine. The colour of the wine depends on the type of the grape used and how long the skin contact lasts during the process.

Apart form the categories mentioned above there is also another types of wine called ” Sparkling Wine”. During the process these wines undergo a secondary fermentation which produce extra CO2. The CO2 in it causes the sparking effect.


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Champagne is also a wine. A sparkling wine to be more precise. It is no different from other sparkling wine except for the fact that these wines are produced in only within the Champagne region in France. Even though there are many sparkling white wine producers around the world they cannot use the term ” Champagne” to their products even though they use the exact method of champagne making to produce their wines. Only the wine produced in the Champagne wine regions in France can be named as “Champagne”.

Wine Production Process

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There are several steps in wine making. The first step is to harvest the grapes and then they are washed and crushed. Then the crushed grapes (must) is fermented. If it is red wine then the skins are not removed during the fermentation and if it is white wine the skins are removed quickly. For the orange wine and rosé wine the skins in the must is kept until the desired color is achieved.

in the white wine production yeast must be added in the fermentation process but in the red wine production fermentation occurs naturally due to the yeast present on the skin of the grapes. The must is fermented for about 1-2 weeks.

After the fermentation of red wine skins are removed by pressing. Before pressing the liquid wine is removed and after the remaining wine is extracted from the skins by pressing the two liquids are mixed. This step is unique to wine makers. After that the wine is kept warm and the yeast converts the remaining sugar into ethanol.

In the next step the malic acid in the wine is converted into lactic acid which softens the taste of wine. Sometimes red wines are stored in oak barrels for a period of time, to add the oak aromas and tannins to the wine.

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During the making of sparkling wine a secondary fermentation is occurred. After that bottled wines are kept for 6 months on a rack. At the end of that period the sediments are removed before sending them to packaging and sealing.

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Top 10 Most Popular Wines Sources and The Type of Wine

  • Merlot – Red
  • Cabernet Sauvignom – Red
  • Tempranillo – Red
  • Syrah – Red
  • Garnache – Red
  • Pinot Noir – Red
  • Chardonnay – White
  • Sauvignam Blanc – White
  • Trebbiano Toscano – White
  • Airen – White

What is your favorite brand of wine? Let me know.

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